What Is The Nomad’s Black Tent?

Black tent

Siah chador or black tent are simple nomadic hand-wovens made with goat hair in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Ilam and Kohgiluyeh provinces, Fars, etc. These tents, which are the art of noble nomadic women, have long attracted the attention of foreign tourists. Black tents are the main space that nomadic nomads choose for their lives. Since the nomads are always on the move, they stay in yaylak  and qishlaq under these black tents. The main material used to weave black tent is goat hair, which has a black and dark color. The reason for using black goat hair is that the goats of these nomads are dark goats, and its black color keeps the tent cool in the summer and prevents the cold from entering it in the winter.

Tents are woven from goat hair

                    Black tents are woven from goat hair

Another reason that black tent is woven from goat hair is that goat hair is available and also because of its high fat content, it has a very good property of retaining moisture and water during rains and rain water does not pass through it. Also, according to the research conducted, snakes and vermin cannot pass through the goat’s hair and enter the tent. If we want to compare black nomadic tents with canvas tents, we must say that these black tents woven from goats are lighter than canvas tents and are easier to collect and carry.  This is the reason why black nomadic tents have a higher price than canvas tents.

You can see this article to familiar with other nomad’s hand-wovens:

Getting to Know Some Handwoven Nomads, Salt Bag, Chanteh and Khorjin

Black tents are erected individually or in groups on the slopes of the mountains so that they are safe from wind and rain. These tents consist of two parts, the upper part, which is the roof, is woven from goat hair, and the part of the walls, which is called Chiq, is made from a combination of straw and goat hair. The straws are hollow and considered insulating when it rains due to high humidity, they expand and stick together and thus resist water entering inside. When it is dry, the straws shrink and the air can easily enter and exit and the air inside the tent is ventilated. These black tents, in addition to nomad housing, are also used for historical places, ecotourism, villas, gardens, and local exhibitions.


                              Inside the black tent

In what dimensions are black tents woven?

  • 12 square meters > width 3 m, length 4 m
  • 24 square meters > width 4 m, length 6 m
  • 48 square meters > width 6 m, length 8 m

What are the stages of the black tent?

The tools that are used to weave the black tent are horizontal loom, comb, Stik, etc. The production method is as follows: first, the warp threads are opened on the ground and spun around. Nomadic women are responsible for washing, beating, and spinning goat hair so that it becomes fibers. Men are also responsible for picking goat hair, as well as preparing weaving tools and erecting tents.


                             Weaving of Persian black tent

How to maintain a black tent?

The method of maintaining the black tent is to keep it away from fire and sharp objects, and to wash it, you should use lukewarm water and ordinary detergents, and do not use strong chemical detergents.

Black tents are handicrafts whose weave is made of goat hair and is the main place of residence of noble Iranian nomads. With the urbanization of nomads, the use of black tents among nomads is not so common as in the past, but these days traditional exhibitions, lodges, and even foreign tourists are very interested in them.

Arabic black tent

                                          Arabic black tent

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