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Iranian hand-woven carpet is famous all over the world because of its beauty and quality. Among the hand-made carpets of Iran, the Fars carpet is also included in the group of exquisite carpets. This carpet was registered in the UNESCO cultural heritage list in 2010 with the number 00382. The carpets of Fars province are famous and desirable not only in Iran but also in the world because of their features such as originality, designs, type of wool, and beautiful colors.
The skill of carpet weaving in Fars province is passed down from generation to generation by women weavers. The nomadic men of Fars province pick the wool from their sheep and set up carpet weaving looms. The women also spin the wool and turn it into thread. Then they dye the wool with the colors obtained from the plants found in nature. Then they start to weave carpets on horizontal poles. Since nomads weave their mental images, you will not find two nomadic rugs that are completely alike. Of course, a number of carpets are also woven in the cities of Fars province, which are woven according to a specific plan on vertical looms.
Features of Fars handwoven carpet
- In Fars carpets, knots are used symmetrically and asymmetrically.
- The design of Fars carpets is geometric, and you can see several rhombus or 6-sided medallions connected together in the center of the carpet.
- They have a loose and very soft texture like fabric. Due to their lower density, they are light weight carpets.
- The colors used in Fars carpets are dark colors.
- All carpets in Fars province are woven in two ways: flat weave and loop weave.
- Most Fars carpets have single-color or two-color selvages, and multi-colored selvages are mostly woven by the Arab tribes of this province.
All kinds of Handwoven textiles of Fars province
Usually, carpets are woven in a double-weft style, but in the rural areas of Fars province, carpets are woven in a single-weft style, which are called Gabbeh. The Gabbeh have simple designs, but they are very durable. The characteristic of Gabbeh is its long piles, which separates it from other carpets.
The Yalame are hand-woven that are woven by the nomads with colorful medallions. The warp, weft and pile of these carpets is wool. Bright colors and geometric patterns are abundantly found in Yalame. The density of Yalame is medium and it is one of the mental carpets. Yalame carpets are mostly seen among Bakhtiari carpets.
Jajim is hand-woven, similar to kilim, but thinner than that. Jajims do not have lint and both sides can be used. These underlays are woven from two layers of colored cotton or woolen threads. The difference between Jajim and carpet is that Jajim is woven by a machine, but the carpet is woven on a loom. In carpet, warp and weft are both equally important, but in Jajim, warp is more important.