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History of Kerman carpet
Kerman is an ancient city in the southeast of Iran with a history of more than a thousand years. The famous traveler Marco Polo came to Iran in 1270, he wrote in his memoirs: “Kermani women weave the most beautiful shawls and carpets”. Kerman carpet has no written history, but according to a 500-year-old tradition, it is one of the old regions in Iran where carpet weaving was popular. During the Safavid era, the Kerman carpet reached its peak at the same time as the carpets of other Iranian cities.
The carpet below is one of the Kerman carpets from the 18th century, which is kept in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. This glorious rug is woven with a floral pattern on a reddish pink background. This design is called a vase pattern because the vase patterns are inserted everywhere in the carpet and woven with the 3-wefted technique. This antique rug belonged to William Morris, who hung it in his home throughout his life.
Features of Kerman carpets
Regarding the carpets of other regions, the two-wefted technique is often used between the rows; But most of the carpets in Kerman region use three-wefted technique. The first and third wefts are thick, but the second weft is thin. Both symmetrical and asymmetrical knots are used in the weaving of Kerman carpets. Of course, both knots have good quality, but the use of each type of knot depends on the areas of carpet weaving. In the urban areas of Kerman, the Persian knot or asymmetrical is generally used, and in the villages, the Turkish or symmetrical knot is used.
The materials used in Kerman carpet weaving are wool for pile and cotton for warp and weft, but in some carpets, silk with wool piles may be used. The wool needed for Kerman carpets is supplied from Khorasan and often from Bam, Rafsanjan and Jiroft. Both vertical and horizontal looms are used in the weaving of Kerman carpets. Horizontal and folding looms are mostly used in nomadic areas.
One of the characteristics of Kerman carpet is its lightness and elegance. The density of the knots is about 35 to 80 knots per 7 cm, the higher the number of knots, the finer the carpet and the more expensive it is. In addition to carpets, kilims, jajims and … , is one of the handcrafted products of Kerman province. See various kilims here.
Who are the famous producers of carpets in Kerman?
Among the old producers of Kerman carpets, we can mention Ahmad Yazdan Panah known as Deilamqani, Mohammad Arjamand Kermani, Rashid Farrokhi brothers and currently Abolhadi, vaziri and Nasiri.
What colors are used in Kerman carpet texture?
Kerman carpets have attracted a lot of attention all over the world due to the use of various and attractive colors. One of the characteristics of Kerman carpet is that its wool is dyed before spinning. so the color of the wool becomes more uniform. About 15 to 20 colors are used in Kerman carpets, which are close to the colors of nature. The most important colors used in Kerman handwoven carpets are dark and light red colors, beige, copper, dark and light blue, crimson, pink, dark and light green, etc.
Kerman carpet designs
In Kerman carpet, very small motifs are spread throughout the carpet and have created a rich design. Like the Tabriz carpet, the Kerman carpet has a great variety in design. These designs have made Kerman carpet famous. The common designs in Kerman carpets are: vase, tree, lachak-toranj, Quran frame, vegetable, 33 bridges, afshan and pictorial.
In which cities of Kerman are carpets woven?
The oldest type of carpet in Kerman belongs to the city of Ravar. Ravar, which Westerners also call Lavar, is located on the margin of the Lut desert, and its carpet is world-famous. The best spun wool is used for the weaving of Raver carpets. These carpets are woven with Persian knots and the most important pattern of Raver is the pattern of thousand flowers, which covers the entire area of the carpet with flowers.
The cities of Rafsanjan, Mahan, Sirjan, Zarand are also other cities in Kerman that have high-quality products. Most of these areas use the two-wefted technique for carpet weaving. Of course, sometimes 3-weft carpets are also woven in Ravar.
Buy Kerman carpets online
In this article, we investigated the Kerman carpet and tried to provide you with brief tips about this universal carpet. These carpets are not only floor coverings, but works of art that are completely woven with plant materials. These carpets give double beauty to your homes and if you take good care of them, they will be guests of your home for many years. Kerman carpets have a wide variety of colors and designs. You can visit our site to buy Kerman carpets online and get our best advice. VernaCarpets will accompany you in the direction of a safe purchase by offering reasonable prices.