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History of Hamadan handwoven carpet

Hamadan (also pronounced Hamedan) is an ancient city in the west of Iran, which is 2500 years old. This city was the first capital of the Achaemenids and was called Ekbatan. The age of carpet weaving in Hamedan is not known, but due to the mountainous and cold climate of this region, people tended to carpet weaving and covering their houses. Also, about 450 years ago, the Safavid king gave a carpet in Hamedan to the Ottoman Shah as a gift, which can be a reason for carpet weaving in this region

hamadan-market

                        Hamadan carpet market

Features of Hamadan handwoven carpet

  • Hamadan hand-woven carpets are woven with high-quality wool, so they are very durable. Of course, the quality of the old carpets was better.
  • Wool is used for pile and cotton for warp and weft. In older carpets, they were woven in wool foundation.
  • These carpets are usually woven in small and medium sizes of 120×200 and 150×100 cm.
  • The main design of Hamadan carpets is geometric, and most of them have a large medallion in the middle.
  • Dark red and dark blue colors are the main colors of Hamadan carpets, and ivory color is used to create contrast.
  • The knot in Hamadan carpets is mostly symmetrical or Turkish, and the single-weft technique is mostly used.

    hamadan-carpet

      Antique Persian Hamadan rug with rich colors,4’*7′

What colors are used in Hamadan carpets?

In the past, more natural dyes were used for dyeing fibers, such as madder root, grape leaves, walnut shell, onion shell, beet, saffron. Today, most industrial dyes are used for this purpose. Common colors in Hamadan carpets are: light and dark green, yellow, navy blue, dark and light blue, ivory, cream, white.

dyeing-persian-carpet

                        Dyeing Persian carpet

Hamadan handmade carpet designs

The most famous carpets in Hamadan are woven in the cities of Nahavand, Malayer, Tuiserkan. Also, you can see the most exquisite carpets in the villages of Bibik Abad, Hossein Abad, Enjelas, Borchelo. We will mention some features of these carpets below:

Malayer carpet

Malayer is located in the south of Hamadan province. These carpets are often woven with the wool of native sheeps of this region, which are of excellent quality. In Malayer carpets, like most Hamadan carpets, the knot type is Turkish or symmetrical, and a thick weft is used in each row. Of course, due to its proximity to Sanandaj, carpets with asymmetric knots are also woven.

malayer-carpet

                       Antique Hamadan rug 4’*6′

Nahavand carpet

The main materials used to weave Nahavand carpets are wool and cotton. These carpets are mainly woven with single weft technique and Turkish knot. Nahavand carpet has rich colors and very attractive designs, which are mostly exported outside of Iran. The middle medallion of the Nahavand carpet dominates the entire carpet. We can mention shiny wools, long roots and thick piles among the characteristics of Nahavand carpets. In the past, these carpets were woven with a density of 25, but today they are woven with a higher number of knots, about 40 knots per 7 cm.

nahavand-rug

                         Nahavand rug

Bibik Abad  carpet

Bibik Abad is one of the villages of Hamadan. These carpets are usually woven with Turkish knot and single weft technique and in large sizes. Being large and coarsely woven is one of the characteristics of this rural carpet. Due to their special design, these carpets are easily coordinated with modern decoration.

bibikabad-carpet

                  Bibikabad runner ,1930s

Hossein Abad carpet

Another famous carpet in Hamadan is Hossein Abad hand-woven carpet. This carpet is often woven with a dark red background. The characteristic of this carpet is the medallion  pattern with small fish inside the texture. Hossein Abad carpets are usually woven in small sizes and are popular all over the world.

           Hosseinabad Hamadan rug 6’8″*10’3″

Nanaj carpet

Nanaj is one of the villages of Hamadan province, which has a long history. The symmetry between the colors used, the single weft technique and the Turkish knot in the texture of the carpet are among the features of this carpet. Like other Hamadan carpets, these carpets are woven from wool and cotton. Due to the quality materials and natural dyeing, these carpets are durable carpets that can be used for years.

nanaj-rug

                               Nanaj rug

Buy Hamadan handmade carpet online

Hamadan hand-woven carpets are of high quality due to their diverse and beautiful designs, the use of high-quality materials, natural colors and strong textures, but at the same time they have a reasonable price. These carpets have a high position in the world and with their attractive design  are well matched with any decoration. In this article, we tried to introduce you to some of the carpets of Hamadan region. We are waiting for your comments!